Leave No Trace Principles

Here are the principles of LNT:

  • Plan Ahead and Prepare
  • Travel and Camp on Durable Surfaces
  • Dispose of Waste Properly
  • Leave What You Find
  • Minimize Campfire Impacts
  • Respect Wildlife
  • Be Considerate of Other Visitor

Disturbing Wildlife

Maintain a minimum distances of 30m for most wildlife, and 100m for bears.

Respect trail closures and restrictions relating to wildlife movement

Respect park rules and regulations, and do not approach, feed, or chase wildlife for any reason.

Conduct wildlife viewing will be done from a safe distance.

Encourage wildlife viewing through telephoto lenses and binoculars.


Vegetation Impact

Stay on designated trails and use designated resting/stop areas.

Soil Impact

Ensure that all hiking is kept to designated trails and previously disturbed areas.

Keep groups together to avoid trail braiding.


Water Impact

Ensure hiking is kept to designated trails and that bridges or paths over water are used.

Encouraged use of trailhead facilities to reduce the amount of human waste on the trail.

Do not dispose of any human waste or gray water near any watercourses.


Pollution Impact

Ensure that outhouse/washroom facilities are utilized whenever possible.

Ensure that all garbage is packed out, and will actively collect garbage that is observed on the trail.

Ensure that all soaps, if used, are biodegradable.

Do not pick or disturb wildflowers, bushes or trees

Encourage use of good footwear and gaiters so that hikers will not be going off-trail to avoid wet or muddy areas

Ensure that any gray water is disposed of away from watercourses

Select resting spots that have already been designated as such, or select barren/rocky areas


The following guidelines offer suggestions for low-impact and culturally sensitive travel:

Stay on the trail
Straying from the trail while hiking can cause erosion and other environmentally harmful impacts.

Respect the wildlife
Viewing animals from a safe distance is fine; approaching, touching, feeding, or cornering them is not acceptable.

Respect endangered species
Do not buy products that exploit wildlife, aid in habitat destruction, or come from endangered species.

Do not litter
Follow the principles of Leave No Trace. Dispose of litter properly.

Reduce waste
Avoid products with excess packaging; utilize hotel or hostel accommodation-recycling programs.

Protect local water systems
Use only biodegradable soaps and shampoos while camping.

Respect historical and archaeological sites
Leave any artefacts found in place including fossils and animal horns. These are serious federal offences in the national parks.

Respect local vegetation
Do not pick or remove wildflowers or other vegetation. It is illegal and takes a long time for alpine wildflowers to grow.